Prairie Coneflower (Mexican Hat) Yellow
Ratibida columnifera Yellow
- Type: Perennial
- Family: Asteraceae
- Native Range: North America
- Zone: 4 – 9
- Height: 1 – 3 Feet
- Spread: 1 – 1.5 Feet
- Bloom Time: June to September
- Blooms: Yellow Rays & Dark Brown Center
- Sun: Full Sun
- Water: Dry to Medium
- Maintenance: Medium
- Flower: Showy
- Attracts: Butterflies
- Tolerates: Drought, Dry Soil
- Texas Native
Mexican Hat Prairie Coneflower Yellow grows easily in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates drought, light shade and somewhat poor soils. Intolerant of moist heavy clays. May be grown from seed, but will not flower until the second year.
Ratibida columnifera, commonly called long-headed coneflower or prairie coneflower, is an erect, hairy, clump-forming plant that typically grows to 1-3’ tall. It ranges from Alberta to Minnesota south to Arkansas, New Mexico and Mexico. It is most common on the Great Plains This is an aster family member that is perhaps most noted for the long, cylindrical, center disk of each flower and its deeply cut leaves. Flowers bloom in summer. Each flower features a long narrow center disk (cone to 2” long) with 3-7 drooping yellow rays at the base. Leaves (to 5” long) are pinnately lobed. Cylindrical center disks are dark brown and somewhat resemble in shape the crown of a slender sombrero, hence the additional common name of Mexican hat.
No serious insect or disease problems.
Sunny borders, native plant areas, meadows and prairies. Best grouped or massed because individual plants tend to appear somewhat sparse because of the leaves.