It’s November… What Needs To Be Done
- This is the ideal time to plant cool-season greens such as spinach, lettuce, mustard, Swiss chard and arugulas.
- Bluebonnets can still be planted from transplants. Plant pansies and violas this month, and mix in blood meal with the amended soil
- Daffodils and grape hyacinth may be planted once soil temperatures drop below 55 degrees F. Plant 2-3 times as deep as the bulb is tall.
- Now through February is a great time to plant container-grown trees and shrubs. Consider the mature size of the plant, especially trees, when deciding on variety and placement. Dig a hole two times the diameter and one inch shallower thn the root ball. Make sure the root ball and the hole are thoroughly wet before planting. Back fill with existing soil only and water well.
Fertilizing and Pruning
- Feed and water cool-season vegetables that you are growing now.
- Feed winter annuals growing in the ground and containers with a high-nitrogen, water-soluble plant food every two to three weeks.
- Remove the tops of herbaceous perennials after they have died. Add 2-3 inches of mulch to the beds to reduce winter weed growth.
- Trim patio plants and hanging baskets before moving indoors for the winter. Locate them near bright windows.
- Refrain from pruning freeze-damaged plant material at this time. This pruning is best done in late winter.
- It’s time to winterize. Disconnect hoses from faucets and drain all hose-end sprinklers. Bring all tender tropicals indoors. Greenhouse owners should check the heating and ventilation systems to ensure proper operation. Perform maintenance on outdoor equipment. Drain fuel from gasoline-powered engines and run the carburetor dry.
- Check potted plants growing outside for insects (mealy bugs, whiteflies, spider mites, aphids, roaches, ants) before moving inside for the winter. Apply a labeled insecticide several days prior to the move, if needed.
- Stockpile leaves for use in compost or as mulch. It is an excellent way to recycle organic waste and to nourish plants and enrich the soil. Mix one cup of high nitrogen fertilizer per cubic yard of compost. Turn pile with spade fork to keep it aerated. Water, if needed.
- When planning new landscapes, select trees, shrubs and perennials that are winter hardy in your area. It is best to choose plants from you zone and the one or two zones to the north of you. According to the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone map, Ellis County is located in Zone 8 (average lowest annual temperature is 10 degrees F. to 20 degrees F.). Therefore, plants listed for Zones 8, 7 and 6 should be your best bets.
Click here to read the complete E-Garden Newsletter November 2018