- Trees and shrubs; water to establish, but not too much.
- Pansies and kale for winter color. Snapdragons, dianthus and bulbs for early spring color.
- Prune most woody trees and shrubs December through early March.
- Remove dead or diseased or insect-injured wood, as well as broken branches.
- Plants which bloom in early spring should be pruned after they flower; those that bloom later in the spring and summer can be pruned during winter.
- Roses are pruned in mid-February except spring-only bloomers which are cut back after spring flowering.
- Water the lawn, shrubs and small trees to help prevent winter damage, if needed.
- Remove dead vegetation and weeds to prevent a build up of diseases and insects.
- Provide food and fresh water for birds in winter. Put out a variety of seeds to draw a variety of birds.