“And since all this loveliness can not be Heaven, I know in my heart it is June.”
– Abba Goold Woolson (1838–1921)
The first step is to know the measured area of your lawn before you apply fertilizers or herbicides.
* You cannot effectively manage the health of your lawn if you do not know the size of the lawn area.
* When we apply fertilizers, a pre or post-emergent herbicide, or a pesticide without knowing the measured area, this often leads to misapplication of the chemicals and inconsistent results. Do this by measuring each lawn section in square feet. Then, add each of these sections to determine the entire square footage of the total area of the lawn. Most commercial products have rates of application based on per 1,000 square feet.
* The great thing about measuring the lawn area is that you only have to do this once. Then, you have the information and knowledge to purchase the correct amount of lawn care products when you visit our local nursery and garden centers.
* Turfgrass Specialists with Texas A & M University and Texas AgriLife Extension have recommended a management plan for homeowners. However, dependent upon your desires and goals as well as the amount of time you want to spend working on keeping your grass alive will determine how much effort and time you put into it.
* There are basically three levels of management options – low, moderate and high level management. Some grasses perform better using a “LOW” management approach while others will require a more intensive management approach. Using these classifications, follow these recommendations to manage your warm-season grass lawn areas:
* LOW Apply Nitrogen during the spring and/or late growing season period. Common Bermuda – 2 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year Hybrid Bermuda types – 2 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year Buffalo grass – 0 to 1 lb N/1,000 sq ft per year St. Augustine (sun) – 2 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year St. Augustine (shade) – 1 lb N/1,000 sq ft per year Zoysiagrass – 1 to 2 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year
* MODERATE Building upon the “LOW” level program, apply one additional application during the summer to enhance turf density and overall quality. Common Bermuda – 2 to 3 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year Hybrid Bermuda types – 3 to 4 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year Buffalo grass – 2 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year St. Augustine (sun) – 2 to 3 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year St. Augustine (shade) – 1 to 2 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year Zoysiagrass – 2 to 3 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year
* HIGH Building upon the “LOW” level program, apply 2-3 supplemental summer applications to enhance quality as needed. Common Bermuda – 4 to 5 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year Hybrid Bermuda types – 5 to 6 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year Buffalo grass – Not recommended St. Augustine (sun) – 3 to 4 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year St. Augustine (shade) – Not recommended Zoysiagrass – 3 to 4 lbs N/1,000 sq ft per year
* Care of warm-season grasses is critical during the extreme conditions that our summer season. The unusually high levels of rainfall we have had recently are much-needed, but because we are well above our annual rate of precipitation, we shouldn’t have to irrigate right now. So, if your lawn is yellow-ing and seems to be struggling right now, then it might be time for you to consider a different management plan. A “LOW” management system might be just what your lawn needs.