PLANT # Wks B-4 last frost date to start indoors # days for germination Temp F Light/Dark requirement Additional Information    
African Daisy 6-8 21-35 65 L cover lighty with fine soil  
Ageratum 8 5-10 70 L surface sow    
Allyssum 8 5-10 70 Either surface sow    
Amaranth 6-7 10-14 70 L surface sow, press into soil
Angelonia 6-8 7-14 70-75 low light surface sow    
Aster 6 5-10 70 Either cover lighty with fine soil  
Baby's Breath 8-10 14-21 70 L cover lighty with fine soil  
Balsam 6 5-10 70 Either surface sow    
Basil 6-8 7-10 60 L cover 1/4" soil  
Batchelor's Button 8-9 7-14 65 Dark cover    
Bee Balm 8-10 14-21 65 L surface sow    
Begonia 12 or more 14-28 73-75 L surface sow    
BlackEyed Susans (Rudbeckia hirta) 6-10 14-21 70 L press seeds into soil, do not cover
Brazilian Batchelor Button 1-2 7-15 65 D cover 1/4"-1/2" soil, keep moist
Broccoli 8 5-10 70 Either      
Browallia 12 or more 15-20 70 L surface sow    
Butterfly Weed 6-8 21-28 70-85 L  surface sow  
Cabbage 8 5-10 70 Either      
Cauliflower 8 5-10 70 Either      
Celosia 8 5-10 70 Either      
Cilantro 3-4 10-16 65-70 L 1/4"    
Cleome 4-6 7-14 70-85 L chill first    
Cockscomb 4 10-14 70-85 Either      
Coleus 8 5-10 65 L      
Columbine 8 20-25 70 L chill 3-4 wks  
Coneflower (Echinacea) 8-10 10-21 60 L cover 1/4" soil, some varieties must chill first
Coreopsis 8-10 7-21 65-85 L      
Cosmos 4 or less 5-10 70 Either      
Dahlia 8 5-10 70 Either      
Dianthus 6-8 5-10 70 Either      
Dusty Miller 8-10 10-15 70 L cover lighty with fine soil  
Dutchman's Pipe Vine 12 or more 14-21 70-80 l soak 24 hrs, surface sow  
Eggplant 8 5-10 70 Either      
Four O'clock 6-8 5-10 70-85 L cover 1/4" soil  
Gaillardia 6-8 14-21 70-85 L      
Gazania 4-6 8-14 68 L surface sow, press into soil
Geranium 12 or more 10-20 70 L cover lighty with fine soil  
Gompherena (Globe Amaranth) 6-8 7-14 70 D chill 5 wks    
Hollyhocks 8-9 7-21 70-85 L soak & cover seed 1/8" soil
Impatiens 10 15-20 70 L      
Lantana 12-14 14 68 L cover lighty with fine soil  
Larkspur 12 or more 5-10 55 Dark chill 1 wk then cover seed
Lettuce 8 5-10 70 L      
Lobelia 6-8 20 70 L surface sow    
Marigold 6 5-10 70 L      
Mexican Hat 6-8 3-6 68-75 L cover 1/16" soil, keep moist during germination
Mignonette 6-8 10-14 70 L Not recommended to start inside
Mimulus (Monkey Flower) 10-12 8-12 68-72 L surface sow, press into soil
Moon Flower (Ipomoea) 3-4 10-20 65-70 Dark cover 1/4" - 1/2" soil  
Morning Glory 3 10-21 70-85 L scarf then soak, cover 1/4' soil
Nemesia 4-6 7-14 65-72 l press seeds into soil & cover lightly
Nicotiana 8 10-15 70 L cover lighty with fine soil  
Ornamental Pepper 6-8 21-15 68-80 L cover lighty with fine soil  
Pansy (Viola) 12 or more 5-10 65 Dark      
Parsley 6-8 14-21 65-70 Dark Cover 1/8 - 1/4" soil  
Passion Vine 12 or more 14-28 80-85 D Cover 1/8 - 1/4" soil  
Pentas 7-9 14-21 75 L surface sow    
Penstemon 6-8 10-15 70 L surface sow    
Pepper 8 5-10 80 Either      
Petunias 10 5-10 70 L      
Phlox 8 5-10 65 Dark      
Pincushion Flower 4-5 10-15 70 L surface sow, press into soil
Portulaca 10 5-10 70 Dark      
Primrose 10-12 10-30 60-65 L not direct surface sow cover with plastic loosely
Sage 6-8 21 70 L surface sow    
Salvia 6-8 21 70 L surface sow    
Sanvitalia (Creeping Zinnia) 4-6 10-15 70 L surface sow, hard to transplant
Snapdragon 10 5-10 65 L chill 2 wks    
Squash 4 or less 5-10 85 Either      
Stock 10 10-15 70 Either surface sow    
Strawflower 7-8 7-14 70-85 L surface sow    
Sunflower 3-4 7-14 70-85 L Not recommended to start inside
Sweet Annie (Artemisia annua) 6-8 10-21 65 L stratify seed  
Thyme (Creeping) 8-9 14-28 65 L      
Tithonia (Mexician Sunflower) 6 7-14 70-85 L      
Tomato 6 5-10 80 Either      
Torenia (Wishbone Flower) 10-12 15-20 70-75 L surface sow    
Verbena 10 15-20 65 Dark      
Vinca 12 or more 10-15 70 Either      
Watermelon 4 or less 5-10 85 Either      
Yarrow 7-8 10-14 60-65 L      
Zinnia 6 5-10 70 Either      
               
Seeds that do not transplant well - Best if started in peat pots      
Annual Phlox 8 7-14 65        
Lupine 2-68 14-60 65-70 L Scarf then soak, cover 1/4" soil
Dill 2-4 14 70 L cover 1/4" soil  
Fennel 3-4 8-12 70 L direct sow in garden, cover 1/4" soil
Cucumber 4 or less 5-10 85 Either      
Poppies 4-5 14-21 50-60 L surface sow, press into soil/peat
Nasturtium 3 10-14 70 Cover seed      
Sweet Pea 6-8 14-21 65 L soak & cover seed