Perennials for Ellis County Landscapes

Perennials:  Plants that persist for many growing seasons.  Generally the top portion of the plant dies back each winter and re-grows the following spring from the same root system.  Many perennials keep their leaves year round and offer attractive borders and groundcovers.  Perennials can be propagated by seeds, cuttings. or division.  Perennials are divided opposite the season in which they bloom. Ellis County is in hardiness zone 8A (a low of 10°F to 15°F).
CommonName Botanical Name Flower Color Flowering Season Plant Height and Width Location (Sun to Shade) Notes
Artemisia 

“Powis Castle”

Artemisia   mostly evergreen 2 feet by      4 feet sun to light shade fine textured gray foliage; fragrant; prefers loose, well drained soil
Aster Aster oblongifolius lavender fall 2 feet by      3 feet sun to part shade attracts butterflies; Texas native
Autumn Joy sedum Sedum Herbstfreude reddish pink late summer to fall 1 1/2 feet by 1 1/2 feet sun drought tolerant succulent
Autumn sage             Salvia greggii white, red, pink, salmon spring, summer, fall 3 feet by      3 feet sun Texas native; attracts hummingbirds
Blackfoot daisy Melam-podium leucanthum white with yellow eye spring, summer, fall 12 inches by 15 inches sun to part shade native wildflower; needs excellent drainage; likes sandy, rocky soil
Brazilian Rockrose Pavonia braziliensis pale pink spring, summer, fall 4 feet by      4 feet sun very drought tolerant; re-seeds
Brazilian skyflower* Duranta erecta light blue to purple summer to fall 4 feet by      2 feet sun to part shade tender; returns from the root if a mild winter;
Butterfly bush Buddleia davidii purple, white, pink, yellow, blue spring, summer 2-8 feet by  2-4 feet full sun to light shade attracts butterflies;  needs good drainage; ‘Blue Chip’ and ‘Adonis’ are new, shorter varieties
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa yellow/ orange blend summer, fall 4 feet by      3 feet sun Monarch butterfly and caterpillar both feed on this plant
Canna Canna x generalis yellow, red, pink, salmon summer 4 feet by      3 feet sun to part shade many spectacular colors; some varieties have bronze or variegated foliage; valued source of bold texture in garden
Cape plumbago* Plumbago auriculata sky blue May to frost 3 feet by      3 feet sun to part sun attracts butterflies; best planted against a warm wall; needs heavy winter mulching to protect from hard freeze;
Catmint Nepeta faassenii light violet spring, summer, fall 2 feet by 2 feet sun to afternoon shade gray-green foliage; non-stop bloomer
Columbine* (Hinckley’s) Aquilegia chrysantha hinckleyana yellow spring 2 feet by      2 feet shade to morning sun Texas native; likes cool weather; Texas SuperStar®
Coreopsis Coreopsis sp. yellow late spring, summer 2 feet by      2 feet sun to part shade native wildflower and many hybrids
Cup flower Nierembergiahippomanica purple, white, spring, summer, fall 8 inches by 12 inches sun to part shade mostly evergreen; tender in zone 8A
Daylily Hemerocallis sp. yellow, orange, blends of colors spring 1-3 feet by 2 feet sun some varieties are repeat bloomers
Flame Acanthus Anisacanthus wrightii orange, red, yellow summer, fall 3 feet by  3 feet sun to part shade drought tolerant; attracts butterflies and hummingbirds; native to Southwest
Gaura Gaura lindheimeri white, deep rose spring, summer, fall 2 feet by      3 feet sun to part shade unique native flower and hybrids
Glads Byzantine Gladiolus byzintinus purple, rose late spring 2 feet by      1 foot sun to part shade dwarf gladiola highly valued for blooms and foliage
Hibiscus (hardy) * Hibiscus spp. and hybrids red, fuchsia, pink, white, blends summer, fall 3-5 feet by 3-5 feet sun  ‘Flare’, ‘ Lord Baltimore’,    ‘Moy Grande’ are Texas SuperStars® 
Indian blanket Gaillardia sp. reddish yellow blend spring, summer, fall 18 inches by 18 inches sun to part shade low maintenance; wildflower; re-seeds
Iris— bearded, Dutch Iris spp. many spring to mid summer 1-4 feet      by 2-3 feet sun to part shade valued as much for sword like foliage as for the blooms
Jerusalem sage Phlomis yellow summer to fall 3 feet by      3 feet sun to part shade unusual bloom; whorls on stalk; tough
Lantana* Lantana, spp. purple, yellow, red, white, blends late spring, summer, fall 1-4 feet by 3 feet sun many trailing (tender in zone 8A) and upright forms; ‘New Gold’ is a  Texas SuperStar®
Maximillian sunflower Helianthus maximilliani yellow fall 4 feet by      3 feet sun wildflower; spreads aggressively
Mexican mint marigold Tagetes lucida yellow fall 2 feet by     2 feet sun often referred to as Texas tarragon; hardy herb for flavoring similar to anise or licorice
Mexican oregano Poliomintha longiflora pink, white summer, fall 2 feet by     2 feet sun to part shade replacement for true oregano and better adapted
Mist flower Eupatorium blue, white fall 2 feet by      2 feet sun to part shade attracts butterflies; spreads
Narcissus Jonquils Daffodils Narcissus white, yellow, pink, gold, orange spring 3 inches to 20 inches sun to part shade can be planted under deciduous trees
Oxalis (shamrock) Oxalis, sp light pink spring, fall 10 inches by 12 inches shade to part sun purple leaf variety also available
Penstemon Penstemon spp. purple, pink, white, red spring, summer, fall 2 feet by      2 feet sun to part shade several species
Petunia  Laura Bush* , VIP (violet in profusion) Petunia x ‘Laura Bush’,     Petunia violacea, ‘VIP’ violet spring, summer, fall 12 inches to 24 inches sun to part shade spreading growth habit; more cold and heat tolerant than hybrids; both varieties are Texas SuperStars®
Petunia * (Mexican) Ruellia purple, white, pink summer, fall 6 inches to 2 feet sun to  shade re-seeds; spreads; dwarf ‘Katie’ is a Texas SuperStar®
Phlox* Phlox paniculata light pink, rosy red summer 3 feet by      2 feet sun many varieties: ‘John Fanick’ and ‘Victoria’ are Texas SuperStars®
Pincushion flower* Scabiosa pale blue, pink, white spring, summer, fall 18-24 inches by 24 inches sun to part sun old fashioned perennial; deadhead for continuous bloom;
Pinks Dianthus sp. various shades of pink to red spring 1 foot sun to afternoon shade gray-green foliage; non-stop bloomer
Plumbago hardy blue Ceratostigma dark blue May to October 8 inches sun to light shade groundcover; red fall color, then deciduous
Purple coneflower Echinacea angustifolia purple spring, summer, fall 18 inches by 24 inches sun a classic for every garden; attracts butterflies
Rain lily Zephyranthes white, yellow, pink following rains 12 inches by 12 inches sun to shade hard to find in nurseries but well worth the hunt
Rockrose                  Pavonia lasiopetala  rose pink spring, summer, fall 4 feet by      4 feet sun very drought tolerant; Texas native
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis blue summer, fall 1-3 feet by 3 feet sun to part shade prostrate and upright forms; valued for its needlelike foliage and fragrance
Rudbeckia Rudbeckia sp. hybrids yellow, orange, reddish orange summer 2-3 feet by 3 feet sun native wildflower and many hybrids
Russian sage Perovskia atriplicifolia light blue, lavender summer, fall 3 feet by      3 feet sun silver gray foliage; smells like sage
Salvia:  Indigo spires and Mystic spires*  Salvia sp. hybrid purple; blue summer, fall 4 feet by      4 feet             and                   2 feet by      2 feet sun attracts butterflies; large flower spikes; ‘Mystic Spires’  is a new dwarf variety and a Texas SuperStar®
Salvia:  Mealy cup* Salvia farinacea blue, white spring, summer, fall 3 feet by      3 feet sun to part shade outstanding varieties:  ‘Henry Duelberg’ and                     ‘ Augusta Duelberg’ are Texas SuperStars®
Salvia: Mexican bush sage* Salvia leucantha purple, purple with white fall 3 feet by      3 feet sun tender in zone 8A, Monarchs flock to it
Shasta daisy  Oxeye daisy Chrysanthe-mum maximum Chrysanthe-mum leucanthe-mum white spring to mid summer 3 feet by      2 feet sun to partial shade divide frequently; low water and fertilizer requirements
Skullcap Scutellaria pink summer, fall 12-15 inches by 12-15 inches sun extreme drought tolerance
Society garlic Tulbaghia violacea lavender summer 1-2 feet by 1 foot part shade green and variegated foliage available
Spider lily ‘Tropical Giant’ Hymenocallis spp. fragrant white summer 2-3 feet by 3 feet sun to shade grown primarily for the bright green strap-like foliage
Turk’s Cap Malvaviscus arboreus red, pink, white summer to fall 3-5 feet by 5 feet full sun or shade attracts hummingbirds; Texas native
Verbena*  Verbena spp. and hybrids purple, lavender, rose, pink, red, blue spring, summer, fall 6-18 inches by 2-3 feet sun excellent varieties:  ‘Blue Princess’ (Texas SuperStar®); ‘Homestead Purple’; ‘Appleblossom’; ‘Taylortown Red’
Winecup Callirhoe involucrata wine-red spring, early summer 6-12 inches by 2 feet sun to part shade wildflower; likes dry conditions
Yarrow Achillea millefolium yellow, white, rose spring, summer 1 foot by 1 foot sun to part shade fernlike foliage; drought tolerant
Yellow primrose Calylophus hartwegii pale yellow spring, summer, fall 6-8  inches by 12-15 inches  full sun to afternoon shade likes hot spots; must have excellent drainage; good groundcover
Zexmenia Wedelia hispida yellow spring, summer, fall 2 feet by      4 feet sun to part shade golden daisies all summer; drought tolerant; Texas native

 

*Plants designated as Texas SuperStar®   have been proven to be super-performing plants under Texas growing conditions.

 

Comments are closed.