- Plant tomatoes and peppers from 4-inch pots. Visit http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/vegetable
for recommended varieties.
- Early July is the time to plant small and medium pumpkins for a Halloween harvest.
- Plant heat-tolerant annuals that have been acclimated to hot, sunny conditions. This includes moss rose,
purslane, trailing lantana, purple fountain grass, firebush and copper plants.
- Lawn grasses can be planted this month, but you will need to water twice daily for short intervals to
keep soil surface moist until the grass has established good roots, usually in two to three weeks.
Fertilizing and Pruning
- Fertilize plants that bloom on new growth, such as crape myrtles, tropical hibiscus and roses, with a
high-nitrogen fertilizer to promote late-summer growth and fall blooms. Apply same fertilizer to boost
summer annuals and fall-flowering perennials.
- Light pruning of erratic spring growth may be done to maintain the natural form. Dead and diseased
wood from trees and shrubs should be removed. Major pruning should be postponed until mid-winter.
- Deadhead all blooming plants. Remove dead leaves and spent blooms from container plants.
- Be a “plant health” detective! Plants respond in various ways to heat and drought stress. These
symptoms are often misdiagnosed as an insect or disease problem. Correctly identify the problem
before turning to a pesticide.
- Galls on leaves of oaks, hackberries and other trees are caused by many species of gall-forming insects,
and are result of the female stinging the leaf tissues as she lays her eggs. Galls are harmless since the
insect doesn’t feed on plant tissues.
- Be alert for summer drought conditions which could occur at any time now, leaving normally
well-hydrated plants lacking sufficient water. If plants are still wilted the next morning, watering is needed.
To improve water use efficiency in your landscape, visit http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/earthkind/publications/#water.
- Watch for lawn pests. Dry, light-colored areas in sunny parts of St. Augustine are probably the result of
chinch bugs (small black insects with white diamond on their backs). Apply Merit (imidoclopyrid) or other
labeled insecticide. Grub worms are the culprits if the turf turns brown and easily comes up when pulled
on. Treat with a granular insecticide.
- Rapid death of established landscape plants and orchard trees during the summer may signify the
presence of cotton root rot, a soil-borne fungal disease common in our calcareous clay soils.
Since there is no effective control, verification by the Plant Disease Diagnostic Lab at Texas A&M (http://plantclinic.tamu.edu) will help you know what plants can be used as replacements.
The Crape Myrtle is considered a small tree but comes in many sizes and varieties. This deciduous tree
has moderate growth with low water needs. The Crape Myrtle provides profuse spikes of beautiful flowers
in many colors ranging from white, pink, purple or red that bloom throughout the summer. The tree also
features attractive, smooth, peeling bark. Crape Myrtle trees may have problems with aphids and
|Asterisk (*) means transplant vegetable starter plants. For
seeds, start 2-3 weeks earlier
|Seed or Plants
Per 100 ft of Row
Per 100 Feet
|Average Days of Harvest|
|Asparagus||2/1 to 3/1||Not Rec.||1 ounce||18||730||30 pounds||60|
|Cabbage*||2/1 to 3/1||8/1 to 9/15||1/4 ounce||14 to 24||60 to 90||150 pounds||40|
|Garlic||2/1 to 3/1||9/1 to 10/15||1 pound||2 to 4||140 to 150||40 pounds|
|Kohlrabi||2/1 to 3/1||8/15 to 9/15||1/4 ounce||4 to 6||55 to 75||75 pounds||14|
|Onion (plants)||2/1 to 3/1||Not Rec.||400 to 600 plants||2 to 3||80 to 120||100 pounds||40|
|Peas, English||2/1 to 3/1||8/15 to 9/15||1 pound||1||55 to 90||20 pounds||7|
|Spinach||2/1 to 3/1||9/1 to 10/15||1 ounce||3 to 4||40 to 60||3 bushels||40|
|Turnip||2/1 to 3/1||9/15 to 10/15||1/2 ounce||2 to 3||30 to 60||75 pounds||35|
|Beets||2/1 to 4/1||9/1 to 10/1||1 ounce||2||50 to 60||150 pounds||30|
|Radish||2/1 to 4/1||9/15 to 10/15||1 ounce||1||25 to 40||100 bunches||7|
|Carrots||2/10 to 3/1||8/1 to 10/1||1/2 ounce||2||70 to 80||100 pounds||21|
|Collard / Kale||2/10 to 3/1||8/1 to 10/1||1/4 ounce||8 to 16||50 to 80||100 pounds||60|
|Potatoes, Irish||2/15 to 3/1||8/1 to 9/1||6 to 10 pounds||10 to 15||75 to 100||100 pounds|
|Cabbage, Chinese *||2/15 to 3/10||8/1 to 9/15||1/4 ounce||8 to 12||65 to 70||80 pounds||21|
|Lettuce||2/15 to 3/15||9/1 to 10/1||1/4 ounce||2 to 3||40 to 80||50 pounds||21|
|Broccoli *||3/1 to 3/15||8/1 to 9/15||1/4 ounce||14 to 24||60 to 80||100 pounds||40|
|Cauliflower *||3/1 to 3/15||8/1 to 9/15||1/4 ounce||14 to 24||70 to 90||100 pounds||14|
|Muskmelon||3/15 to 5/1||7/15 to 8/1||1/2 ounce||24 to 36||85 to 100||100 fruit||30|
|Chard, Swiss||3/20 to 4/15||8/1 to 10/1||2 ounces||6||45 to 55||75 pounds||40|
|Squash, Summer||3/20 to 5/1||7/15 to 8/15||1 ounce||18 to 36||50 to 60||150 pounds||40|
|Cucumber||4/1 to 4/15||8/1 to 9/1||1/2 ounce||24 to 28||50 to 70||120 pounds||30|
|Eggplant *||4/1 to 4/15||7/15 to 8/1||1/8 ounce||18 to 24||80 to 90||100 pounds||90|
|Squash, Winter||4/1 to 4/15||7/1 to 8/1||1/2 ounce||24 to 48||85 to 100||100 pounds|
|Tomato (plants)||4/1 to 4/15||7/1 to 8/1||1/8 ounce||18 to 36||70 to 90||100 pounds||40|
|Beans, Bush||4/1 to 5/1||8/1 to 8/15||1/2 pound||3 to 4||45 to 60||120 pounds||14|
|Beans, Pole||4/1 to 5/1||8/1 to 8/15||1/2 pound||4 to 6||60 to 70||150 pounds||30|
|Beans, Lima||4/1 to 5/1||8/1 to 8/15||1/4 pound||3 to 4||80||50 pounds||40|
|Corn, Sweet||4/1 to 5/1||7/15 to 8/1||3 to 4 ounces||12 to 18||70 to 90||10 dozen ears||10|
|Mustard||4/1 to 5/1||7/10 to 9/1||1/4 ounce||6 to 12||30 to 40||100 pounds||30|
|Potatoes, Sweet||4/1 to 5/15||Not Rec.||75 to 100 plants||12 to 16||100 to 130||100 pounds|
|Watermelon||4/1 to 5/15||7/1 to 7/15||1/2 ounce||36 to 96||80 to 100||40 fruits||30|
|Pepper||4/10 to 5/1||7/1 to 8/1||1/8 ounce||18 to 24||60 to 90||60 pounds||90|
|Pumpkin||4/15 to 5/15||7/1 to 8/1||1/2 ounce||36 to 48||75 to 100||100 pounds|
|Peas, Southern||4/15 to 6/1||7/1 to 8/1||1/2 pound||4 to 6||60 to 70||40 pounds||30|
|Watermelon||4/15 to 6/1||7/1 to 7/15||1/2 ounce||36 to 96||75 to 100||40 fruits||30|
|Okra||4/15 to 7/1||Not Rec.||2 ounces||24||55 to 65||100 pounds||90|
|Brussel Sprouts||Not Rec.||8/1 to 10/1||1/4 ounce||14 to 24||90 to 100||75 pounds||21|
|Parsley||Not Rec.||8/10 to 10/1||1/4 ounce||2 to 4||70 to 90||30 pounds||90|