Columns written by Greg Grant and a Smith Co. Master Gardener which have appeared in the Tyler Morning Telegraph, are posted here.
A childhood experience in growing potatoes turns into ‘love affair’ with them
Published on Wednesday, 15 February 2017 17:14 – Written by GREG GRANT, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service
Irish potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) aren’t from Ireland at all. They’re from South America, and belong to the same family (Solanaceae) as tomatoes, peppers and tobacco. There are many, many cultivars in existence. Mostly we see the typical red and white “boiling” potatoes and the russet baking potato.
One of my mentors, the late Luther Burbank, was a potato lover as well and responsible for most of the baked potatoes you eat with your steaks. When he was a young man, he noticed a few unusual “seed balls” on some potato plants, extracted the seed, and planted them. Out of those few precious seedlings he selected the finest, most widely grown potato in the world. His Burbank russet potato set the standard for all time. I once worked with a potato breeder at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. Potato breeders plant thousands of seedlings a year and are lucky to have one moderately successful introduction in their lifetime. Burbank, hailed as “The Plant Wizard,” planted a few seeds and hit the jackpot. He sold his new potato introduction, used the money to move to California and buy a farm and became a horticultural legend, breeding all kinds of new introductions, including the Shasta daisy, Santa Rosa plum, White Queen crinum, spineless prickly pear and many, many more.
My first memorable exposure to growing potatoes was as a child in Longview. The Adamses, an elderly couple, lived just up the hill, through the woods. Mr. Adams had a large, sunny vegetable garden down below his house, with fine sandy loam soil, ideal for potatoes. Naturally, being born interested in gardening, I couldn’t help but tag along and watch him in the garden with pining eyes. I’ll never forget planting potatoes with him early one spring. Here, Valentine’s Day is the traditional planting day. It seemed unusual to cut the big fleshy potatoes into pieces. I thought we were going to cook them. He explained how they needed eyes to grow. The subsequent sprawling plants didn’t seem so special – no showy flowers, no edible fruit. The season crawled on. I was already distracted by the flowers in Mrs. Adams’ beds by the time harvest arrived. Then I saw a miracle. Out of each hill where we had placed a seemingly blind chunk of Irish potato, multitudes spilled forth.
I fondly remember how Mr. Adams filled a brown paper grocery sack full of the red-skinned spuds and sent me home back down the hill. I wouldn’t have been more proud of gold nuggets. My mom, a natural born cook, went to work immediately. After washing a mess of them up, she boiled them “in their jackets” and showed me how she ate them as a kid – smashed, buttered, and topped with ketchup. Nothing in the world could have tasted finer. The smooth, fresh, creaminess of a new potato is one of the simple pleasures in life that can only come from the soil and a gardener’s loving hands. Store-bought potatoes are fine, but nothing like homegrown potatoes from your own garden.
Unlike videos, phones and other hand-held gadgets, gardening teaches patience to children. It rewards hard work. It plants seeds of hope, literally. The planning, hoping, working and boom and bust of gardening all prepare one for life. It also teaches about death and recycling. It teaches about sharing. It teaches about perspiration. It teaches about aspiration.
Potatoes made a difference in my life. But even more importantly, a sharing, caring gardener made a difference in my life. Pass it on. Teach somebody else how to garden. Share your experience. Volunteer at schools and nursing homes. Become a Master Gardener. Make somebody else happy for a change. We all spend too much time thinking about ourselves. Give produce to needy friends, relatives and neighbors. Heck, provide healthy produce to total strangers. They’ll feel better, and so will you.
Greg Grant is the Smith County horticulturist for the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. You can follow him on Facebook at Greg Grant Gardens, read his “Greg’s Ramblings” blog at arborgate.com or read his “In Greg’s Garden” in each issue of Texas Gardener magazine (texasgardener.com). For more information on local educational programming, go to smith.agrilife.org.
Refrain from planting tender transplants until after Easter
Published on Wednesday, 15 February 2017 17:27 – Written by ANDIE RATHBONE, Smith County Master Gardener
Here’s February’s to do list:
— Plant onion sets and sow radish seeds early in the month. Also, plant greens, sugar snap peas, carrots, beets, turnips, broccoli, Brussel sprouts and cauliflower.
— Prune trees before new growth starts Fruit trees should be pruned into bowl shape. Never top any tree.
— Now that Valentine’s Day is over, you should prune shrub roses. Remove dead wood and crossing branches and cut the remaining canes back by about two-thirds, cutting at a 45-degree angle just above an outward-facing bud.
— Renew the mulch on your flower beds to ensure a 4- to 6-inch layer. It’s much easier to do this now while most plants are dormant, than after everything starts to sprout and bloom
— Treat aphids on ornamentals with a strong spray of water or insecticidal soap.
— Treat green loopers on broccoli, greens, cabbage and lettuce with BT (Bacillus thuringiensis).
— Clean, sharpen and oil your tools. Make sure they are in great shape and ready for spring and summer.
— Check your irrigation system for missing and/or broken sprinkler heads. Clean the filters. You want to make sure you will be using water efficiently as the weather gets warmer.
— Get your lawn mower and power tools serviced and tuned up.
— Now that it’s mid-month, put out a couple of hummingbird feeders to attract the scouts. You can follow the northward migration of the hummingbirds at www.learner.org/jnorth/maps .