It’s October….What Needs To Be Done?
Plant vines and ground covers from containers.
Put in cool-season annuals such as pansies, Johnny-Jump-Ups, violas, dianthus, snapdragons, ornamental kale/cabbage, and alyssum. Mix in some blood meal with the amended soil.
Plant leeks (elephant garlic), garlic from cloves, and onions from sets or bulbs in soil enriched with organic matter.
Daffodils and other spring-flowering bulbs such as Dutch iris, grape hya-cinth, rain lilies, and ranunculus can be put in the ground now. Some varieties of daffodils return each year. Other bulbs should be considered annuals in our area and new bulbs planted each year.
Save seeds from annuals you want to plant next year. Take cuttings from perennials.
Seeds from hybrid plants may not produce the same plant. It is best to take cuttings of these plants.
Chill tulip and hyacinth bulbs in the bottom of the refrigerator for 60 days before planting in December.
Fertilizing and Pruning
Fertilize lawns the first week of the month if it was not done in Septem-ber.
Remove annuals that have completed their life cycle. Leave seed pods of those you want to self-seed next year (for example, cleome, larkspur, Dahlberg daisy, four o’clock, and cosmos).
Continue to feed tropical plants in containers and hanging baskets with a water-soluble fertilizer.
Lightly prune vigorous shrubs to maintain shape and size.
Watch for signs of brown-patch fungus on St. Augustine lawns. Treat with an appropriate fungicide.
To prevent potential insect and disease next year, remove and toss all dead vegetable plants in the garden.
Insects can be a problem if the weather stays hot. Look for whiteflies, aphids, spider mites, and scale. If treatment is necessary, contact a Mas-ter Gardener at your Texas AgriLife Extension Service at (972) 825-5175 or a nursery professional.
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