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It’s April… What Needs To Be Done?



  • In mid April begin to plant warm season turf grasses (Bermuda, St. Augustine and Zoysia). Wait until nighttime temperatures average 65 degrees to plant Bermuda seed.
  • As soil temperatures warm and the danger of frost is past, plant ground covers, warm season annuals and perennials. Wait until May to plant hot weather annuals such as elephant ears, caladiums, zinnias and periwinkles.
  • Plant tomatoes, snap beans, radishes, cucumbers lima beans, mustard, peppers and squash. In mid-April plant watermelon, southern peas, okra, cantaloupe, sweet potatoes, eggplant, and pumpkin.


  • Allow foliage on spring bulbs to die back and dry before removing, so it can store food for next year.
  • Prune spring blooming shrubs and vines after they finish flowering.
  • Mow established grass at recommended height.

Plant Care

  • Water all your plants when they’re dry, but be particularly diligent with new plantings that can quickly dry out in our persistent spring winds. Use 3 – 4 inches of mulch on all flower, shrub and vegetable beds.
  • Apply first fertilizer treatment to established warm season turf grasses (first to mid April). Use a fertilizer based on a soil test (which may cost as little as $10) and follow recommendations. “Weed & Feed” products are not recommended
  • Use broad-leafed weed control products to eliminate spring weeds such as dandelions, henbit, and chickweed. Some types can damage St. Augustine. Always read and follow label directions.
  • Harvest cool season vegetables
  • Check roses for thrips. These may cause rosebuds to singe around petals’ edges and fail to open. Systemic rose insecticide will prevent or eliminate, but it will take two or three weeks.

Click here to read the complete April 2017 E-Garden Newsletter


Check out our Firewise information under the Resources tab above and learn how to be prepared before wildfire strikes.

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