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It’s February… What Needs To Be Done?
- Continue to plant evergreen shrubs, fruit, nut and shade trees.
- Plant asparagus, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, cilantro, collards, English peas, lettuce, kohlrabi, onion transplants, parsley, potatoes, radishes, spinach, Swiss chard, and turnips.
- Plant early spring-blooming annuals like dianthus, petunias and alyssum in late February.
- Complete pruning of oak trees before February 15 to minimize chance of oak wilt infestation. Note: Do not prune live oaks or red oaks from Feb.15 to June 30. If you must prune then, always ‘paint’ the cut end with tree wound paint; being very careful not to paint over the collar of the cut.
- Prune other shade trees and woody shrubs as necessary to remove dead wood and improve structure.
- Finish pruning pecan trees and fruit trees before spring bud break.
- Prune all standard roses, except climbing varieties, by about 50% by mid February.
- Prune tall Nandinas, if necessary, to improve fullness, by removing one-third of the tallest canes at 2-3” above ground level (late February). Repeat the next two years.
- Trim or mow grassy groundcovers such as liriope and mondo grass, if needed, due to freeze damage or ragged appearance, before spring growth begins.
- Apply horticultural oil to fruit and pecan trees, and to scale-prone shrubs such as euonymus and hollies, when temperature is 45-65 for two weeks (mid-February). Check the Texas A&M Agrilife Extension Service website bookstore for a pamphlet on the Homeowner’s Fruit and Nut Spray Schedule.
- Fertilize cool season grasses such as fescue and ryegrass with a slow release fertilizer.
- Apply pre-emergent herbicides to established lawns to control warm season broadleaf and grassy weeds, such as dandelions and crabgrass no later than early March.
- Fertilize pansies and other winter annuals with your favorite fertilizer.
- Continue to protect tender plants from hard freezes.
Click here to read the complete January 2017 E-Garden Newsletter
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